The DOD database provides no civilian or military educational levels for the Vietnam casualties specifically, but it does give us general levels for all enlisted men across all the services during the Vietnam era. The memorial, located near the western end of the Mall, is a black granite V-shaped wall inscribed with the names of the approximately 58,000 men and women who were killed or missing in action. The Army as a branch had 134,982 killed or wounded (9.5 percent), but the Marines suffered 66,227 killed or wounded (22.5 percent) or almost one of every four Marines who served. They refer to older or younger siblings who are either in or on their way to college. These changes will bring the total number of names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial to 58,282 men and … They also died quickly, many within a few weeks or months of arriving in Vietnam. Army and Marine officer casualties were also quite young. Only 5 to 10 percent of enlisted men in the combat units were estimated to have had some college, and less than 1 percent of these enlisted men were college graduates. Items are gathered by park staff. The Marine Corps lost 14,836, or 5 percent of its own men. True enough, but many of the surviving Vietnam casualty families would reply that the ultimate unfairness is death at an early age, in a land far from home, for reasons not clearly defined. All were nurses, all were single and all but one were in their 20s. Officer casualties in Vietnam, including warrant officers, numbered 7,874, or 13.5 percent of all casualties. With the end of the Cold War, many now believe that at its outset the Vietnam War was a quite honorable extension of our ultimately successful policy of Communist containment; that our effort in Vietnam became flawed because of political and strategic failures having nothing to do with those who died there; and that these young Americans were asked by three presidents and six Congresses to give up their lives so that freedom would have a better chance in the world. The burden of combat fell on the very available non-college-bound young. As a region, the South experienced the greatest numbers of dead, nearly 34 percent of the total, or 31.0 deaths per 100,000 of population. With few exceptions, almost all of the 6,600 commissioned officers who died in Vietnam were graduates of the service academies, college Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), or the Officer Candidate School (OCS) programs. This number of deaths per 100,000 compared strikingly with the 23.5 in the Northeast region, 29.9 in the West and 28.4 in the North Central (Midwest) region. All classes were drafted or volunteered and all served and died equally, although it must be noted that most blacks died separately. As one stands before the Wall one feels that no other judgment is acceptable to their living memory. A more precise equation would be that the college bound stayed home while the non-college bound served and died. There still are 338 photos missing. However, if officer casualties are added to the total, then this overrepresentation is reduced to 12.5 percent of all casualties. As part of the wall’s 30th anniversary … In a massive sampling of the database, it was established that between 5 and 6 percent of Vietnam dead had identifiable Hispanic surnames. A relatively small number refused to register for the draft at all. All of this was one of the great and abiding agonies of the Vietnam War, causing repercussions within families and on the national political scene to this day. Electronic registries available online or accessible by park staff in the information kiosk at the memorial allow users to search by several data including first name, last name, branch of service, rank, date of birth, date of casualty, state and/or city where they enlisted. The names are listed chronologically by date of death, the first to last. 20024. If the demographic is expanded to 17- to 21- years, then we find there were 83 percent of Marine enlisted casualties, and 65 percent of Army enlisted casualties. On November 13 th, 1982 thousands of Vietnam Veterans participated in a march that ended at the memorial. The resulting aptitude scores were used to classify entrants into four categories and this would, for the most part, determine their subsequent assignments. They were struggling through or dropping out of high school, or if a high school graduate, had tested poorly for college entrance. is listed by the U.S. Department of Defense as having a casualty date of June 8, 1956. For more great articles be sure to subscribe to Vietnam Magazine today! The draftee, if found physically and mentally fit, would be inducted for a period of two years, to be followed by another two year period in the active reserves and a subsequent two years in the inactive reserves. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial stands as a symbol of America’s honor and recognition of the men and women who served and sacrificed their lives in the Vietnam War. Find a Name Search the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund's database of names on the wall. It is instructive to read the literature of the war, the letters written home from those who died, the novels and narrative accounts of those who served in combat and then returned. Maya Lin: Vietnam Veterans Memorial The Army lost the greatest number of officers – 4,635 or 59 percent of all officer casualties. The article was originally published in the June 1993 issue of Vietnam Magazine and updated in November 2004. Thus we can see that the channeling philosophy continued within the armed forces. Perhaps more important, many of them probably did not yet fully understand their own mortality and were therefore less likely to be hesitant in combat. They were at their peak physically. Vietnam Veterans Memorial How many names are on the wall? Of the 8000 Coast guardsmen who served in Vietnam, 3 officers and 4 enlisted men were killed and 59 were wounded. In civilian life, poor aptitude testing can have a tremendous negative impact, whether for college placement or for simple job advancement. While many may not think of a name as a representational memorial, a name directly represents an individual. Vietnam War casualties from Massachusetts Click or Tap on name to find a personal memorial page of a casualty from this state. The DOD percentages reveal that nearly 75 percent of Army enlisted casualties were privates or corporals. Known simply as “The Wall” to the men and women who can find the name of a loved one inscribed on it, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall lists the names of those who fell during the Vietnam War. It should be emphasized that 55 percent of all Navy and Air Force officer casualties came as a result of reconnaissance and bombing sorties into North Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Cambodia. There are 58,267 names now listed on that polished black wall, including those added in 2010. See the following photos and learn about the Vietnam Memorial. Eight women were killed in Vietnam, five Army lieutenants, one Army captain, one Army lieutenant colonel and one Air Force captain. The third garden on the Museum site is the Vietnam Memorial Garden. Each row contains five names (six where a name has been added since the wall was originally installed). They often reveal a typically warm American family atmosphere. Of the 7,877 officer casualties, 7,595, or 96.4 percent, were white; 147, or 1.8 percent, were black; 24, or 0.3 percent, were Asian; 7, or .08 percent, were Native American; 104, or 1.3 percent, were unidentified by race. The vast majority of Americans who were eligible by age but did not serve in the armed forces were exempted by reason of physical, mental, psychiatric, or moral failure; or they were given status deferments because they were college students, fathers, clergy, teachers, engineers or conscientious objectors. The memorial was then officially dedicated. It honors service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War, service members who died in service in Vietnam/South East Asia, and those service members who were unaccounted for during the war. Others, later in the war, were simply ineligible because of high lottery number. To learn about us and how you can help maintain this site. This amounted to 4.1 percent of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam. Early on President Johnson, his advisers and especially the Congress, realized that if the draft was to be truly equitable and had included combat assignments in Vietnam for the sons of the educationally advantaged and influential Americans from the professional and managerial classes, then the resulting uproar would have shut down the war. The officer corps’ casualties alone would satisfy that judgment, but that is not the same as being representative. When the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated, it originally had 57,939 names inscribed on it. Coast Guard casualties are included in the Navy totals. Who were they? Since then, 379 names have been added, for a total of 58,318 (as of Memorial Day 2017). THE FIRST KNOWN CASUALTY Richard B. Fitzgibbon, of North Weymouth, Mass. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial pays tribute to those who served in the Vietnam War and is one of the most visited attractions in Washington DC.The memorial is a black granite wall inscribed with the names of 58,286 American’s killed or missing in the Vietnam conflict. But in 1966, President Johnson and Secretary of Defense McNamara decided to institute Project 100,000 that would allow category IV men to enter the military. The popularity of the GI Bill after Vietnam emphasized this yearning. The major service academies and other military colleges provided close to 900 of the Vietnam officer casualties: the U.S. Military Academy, 278; the U.S. Air Force Academy, 205; the U.S. The shining surface is intended to reflect the sun, the ground and those who stand before it. The names are arranged in the order in which they were taken from us by date and within each date the names … The remaining 70 percent of our Vietnam enlisted casualties were of English/Scottish/Welsh, German, Irish and Scandinavian-American ancestries, more from the South and Midwest than the other regions, many from small towns with a family military tradition. There are 58,267 names now listed on … The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. The draft policy at the time of the Vietnam War was called the Universal Military Training and Service Act. Only the Navy, with 50 percent of its enlisted casualties over 21, and the Air Force, with 75 percent over 21, showed an older, more experienced age demographic. But given the draft policies, the hard-sell recruitment, the severe escalation from month to month and the refusal by President Lyndon Johnson to call up the older reserves and National Guard, it could not have been otherwise. For blacks, however, only 7 percent placed in categories I and II and 93 percent placed in categories III and IV. In many of these families it was considered unpatriotic and indeed reprehensible to avoid active duty by requesting a status deferment or seeking out a draft counselor for advice on how to avoid the draft. The DOD database shows that of the 2,100,000 men and women who served in Vietnam, 58,152 were killed. What will be the evolving historical judgment for those names on the Wall? Katie Holmes, actress (Dawson's Creek TV series, Batman Begins). The panels are filled like pages of a journal listing the men and women's names as they fell. John Kennedy, discussing military assignments, said that, life is unfair. OR To shorten the name list, enter 2 or more letters of any part of a name in the box below. AGE 17 TO 21 PREFERRED ARMY AND MARINE COMBAT MATERIAL. This makeup, they say, was the very antithesis of what we stand for as a democracy — a shameful corruption of our values and our historical sense of fairness and social justice. The names would become the memorial. Early in the war (1965 and 1966) when blacks made up about 11 percent of our Vietnam force, black casualties soared to more than 20 percent of the total. The makeup of U.S. combat forces in Vietnam has long been the subject of controversy among social scientists. Almost 50 percent were majors, lieutenant-colonels, colonels and three were generals. Fort Irwin isn’t looking for a full-scale replica: This one should not be larger than 250 feet in length, or half the size of the (national) Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall on the National Mall. At the time, approximately 1,300 names were designated as servicemen who were either missing or prisoners of war. The Department of Defense decides whose name gets to go on The Wall, but those inscribed typically… But after World War II a kind of educational apartheid had settled over the United States. Nevertheless, 336,111 men were phased into the service under this plan (mostly the Army) and 2,072 were killed. Approximately 1200 of these are listed as missing (MIA's, POW's, and others). In this manner, the memorial evokes a theme of closure or completion; the first are with the last. During the Vietnam War, the Navy and Air Force became substantially white enclaves – enlisted and officer casualties were 96 percent white. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. There were 57,939 names original names etched into the Vietnam Veterans Memorial wall. If you require assistance, contact a park ranger or volunteer at the memorial. The names of those who gave their lives and of those who remain missing are inscribed in the order they were taken from us. Upon reaching the farthest east end of the memorial at panel 70E, the pattern continues from the far west end of the memorial at panel 70W, continuing back to the center at panel 1W. Steven Spielberg, film director (E.T., Jurassic Park, and Schindler's List). THE NAMES ON THE WALL: AN HISTORICAL JUDGMENT. There are over 58,000 names of men and women who died in action in Vietnam etched deeply into the dark, polished, mirror-like surface of that monument that is simply known as “The Wall” to Vietnam veterans. What the MIT study almost certainly showed was that members of the so-called working class consisting of carpenters, electricians, plumbers, firemen, policemen, technicians, skilled factory operatives, farmers, etc., were living in middle class communities and were, therefore, part of our burgeoning middle class. Since the days of Alexander the Great and the Roman Legions, it has always been the young, inexperienced, low-ranking enlisted man who has taken the brunt of combat casualties. The widely held notion that the poor served and died in Vietnam while the rich stayed home is way off the mark. You can scroll down to see the names of casualties listed under their official city. Interesting Vietnam Veterans Statistics. The Selective Service System it said, has the responsibility to deliver manpower to the armed forces in such a manner as to reduce to a minimum any adverse effect upon the national health, safety, interest and progress. …’In honor of the men and women of the Armed Forces of the United States who served in the Vietnam War. Many of the 17- and 18-year olds were simply late in maturing. The first names appear at the center of the wall at the top of panel 1E. Thus it is safe to say that Hispanic-Americans were over-represented among Vietnam casualties — an estimated 5.5 percent of the dead against 4.5 percent of the 1970 population. Those two men have the distinction of being the first two names on The Wall, officially the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The Navy had a similar profile: 55 percent of its 622 officer casualties were 30 years of age or older, and 45 percent were ranked at lieutenant commander or above when they died. Although it is a truism that the young die in war, one is still unprepared for the fact that 40 percent of Marine enlisted casualties in Vietnam were teenagers; that more than 16 percent of Army enlisted casualties were also teenagers; and that nearly a quarter of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam were between the ages of 17- and 19-years old. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall USA website is dedicated to honoring those who died in the Vietnam War. Often that advice, especially for professional athletes, rock stars, sons of politicians and other celebrities, was to join the never-to-be-called-up reserves or National Guard. Thus, there were 211,455 killed and wounded, or one in every 10 Americans who served in Vietnam. In terms of national origin/ancestries, an extensive sampling of the data-base reveals that Americans of French Canadian, Polish, Italian and other Southern and Eastern European surnames made up about 10 percent of the Vietnam casualties. These names represented those military personnel who... See … (Surprisingly, as it turned out, the percentage of Vietnam veterans who applied for the GI Bill was higher than either World War II or Korea. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on November 10, 1982, with 57,939 names. A correspondingly greater tradition of military service in the other regions had its effect on U.S. regional casualties. Congress and the Johnson administration, therefore, sought to protect our college-bound and educated young men. If officers are added, then almost 70 percent of those who died were volunteers. The memorial is maintained by the U.S. National Park Service, and receives around 3 million visitors each year. Inscription at the beginning of The Wall. The Wall USA is a non-profit endeavor maintained by veterans of the 4th Battalion 9th Infantry Regiment for the benefit of all. The names are arranged first by date, and then alphabetically. The article was written by Bill Abbott, an independent researcher and writer. The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. Quite a different profile emerges among the Navy and Air force officer corps. From 1964 to 1973, 2,100,000 men and women served in Vietnam, but this was only 8 percent of the 26,000,000 Americans who were eligible for military service. Dedicated in 1993, the Vietnam Women's Memorial pays tribute to the more than 265,000 women who served during the Vietnam era. Some recent studies tend to refute what had been the perceived wisdom of social scientists and other commentators that our Vietnam dead came overwhelmingly from the poor communities. It is forgotten now, but in the beginning Congress and most of the American people were behind our containment effort in Vietnam. This was a reflection of the role of warrant officers as helicopter pilots (of the 1,277 warrant officer casualties, 95 percent were Army helicopter pilots), and of the young lieutenants and captains as combat platoon leaders or company commanders. Those who could have qualified for college probably did not have the funds or motivation. Less than 1 percent (0.8) were Jewish, Hindu, Thai, Buddhist or Muslim combined, and 5.7 listed no religion. All of the names were read out loud this year for the fifth time. Why Names Are Added To The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall Heartbreak Hope In To Add 74 Names Vietnam Frequently Asked Ions Vietnam Veterans Memorial U S Vietnam War Veterans Kids Say Agent Orange Impact A Of 2,590 total Air Force casualties, 1,674 or 65 percent were officers. There are veterans still eligible to have their names inscribed with their fellow honored dead. The non-college bound served and died in Vietnam of California Veterans engraved the. 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